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Georg Pencz (1500-1550)

georg penczGeorg Pencz (printmaker; painter/draughtsman; German; Male; c.1500 - 1550)

Nuremberg painter, 'Little Master' engraver, and designer of woodcuts. Expelled for atheism 1525, though re-admitted later that year.

Painter, engraver and designer of woodcuts.: he was first recorded in 1523 as a painter in the citizen's register of Nuremberg. Pencz was influenced by Albrecht Dürer
 and is believed to have executed Dürer's designs for the decorations of the main hall in Nuremberg town hall in 1521. Together with Bartel and Sebald Beham he was expelled from Nuremberg in January 1525 for anarchistic statements made in support of the Peasants' War, but was re-admitted in September of the same year. It is assumed from stylistic evidence that he visited northern Italy, probably towards the end of the 1520s, and possibly Rome from 1539 to 1540). He was appointed painter to Duke Albrecht I of Saxony at Königsberg, but died en route at Leipzig.

The majority of his known engravings, the most distinguished aspect of his surviving work, were made in the manner of the so-called 'Little Masters' (like  Sebald Beham and Heinrich Aldegrever).

His fame as a portraitist probably led to his appointment in 1550 as court painter to Duke Albrecht I of Saxony at Königsberg, but he died while en route at Leipzig. Although he acquired a high reputation for his work, he was, unlike the Behams, frequently in debt.

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